List Of Disabilities In The Workplace South Africa
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Below are the Full List Of List Of Disabilities In The Workplace South Africa
Approximately five million South Africans are disabled. This is around one in ten South Africans. Despite this, less than 1% of all people employed in this country are those with disabilities.
Are people with disabilities protected in the workplace?
Yes. The Employment Equity Act, No. 55 of 1998 protects people with disabilities against unfair discrimination and entitles them to affirmative action measures.
Does discrimination still exist in the workplace, despite legislation?
Yes. Unfortunately, ignorance, fear and stereotypes cause people with disabilities to be unfairly discriminated against. As a result, people with disabilities experience high unemployment levels.
Unfair disability discrimination is perpetuated in many ways, and can include:
- Setting employment criteria that excludes disabled people (for example, stressing that an employee must own and drive a car).
- Keeping disabled employees in low status jobs, earning a lower than average remuneration.
- Inaccessible workplaces (lack of wheelchair access or ablution facilities for the disabled, for example).
- Lack of appropriate technical workplace support.
- Inappropriate or non-existent training for people with disabilities.
- Bias and stigma.
CAREERS IN WHICH PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES EXCEL
Many visually, hearing and physically impaired persons excel in the field of computer technology.
Blind and partially sighted lawyers are now a reality due to computer developments. Various blind physiotherapists have their own, very successful practices in this country. There are blind lecturers, music teachers and marketing consultants, to name but a few careers. Visually impaired persons can also do manual jobs such as making bricks and tiles.
Deaf and hard of hearing persons are often successful in noisy jobs, such as panel-beating, which may have a negative effect on hearing persons. Hearing impaired persons also successfully pursue a variety of careers such as forestry, graphic art, medical technology, banking and sales.
Persons with physical disabilities are successful in many careers including teaching, social work, business management and many others. Stephen Hawking is one of the greatest scientists the
world has ever known, yet he is quadriplegic and can only speak with the aid of a computer. He freely admits that he has reached the top in his field because of and not in spite of his disability.
In fact, most careers are accessible for persons with disabilities, due to advances in assistive devices.
How do I get proof of disability in South Africa?
What you should do
- Complete a disability grant application form at your nearest South African Social Security Agency (SASSA) office in the presence of a SASSA officer.
- Submit the following: …
- After submitting your application you will be given a receipt to keep as proof of application.
What is the most common disability in South Africa?
The prevalence of a specific type of disability shows that 11% of persons aged five years and older had seeing difficulties, 4,2% had cognitive difficulties (remembering/concentrating), 3,6% had hearing difficulties, and about 2% had communication, self-care and walking difficulties.